Bloom's Questions
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Thought Provoking Questioning … Bloom’s Hierarchy

 Benjamin Bloom's Taxonomy of Learning

The Taxonomy of Dr. Benjamin Bloom (1956) is the framework used to develop questions that progress from concrete to abstract level of thinking.  Knowledge involves the identification and recall of information while comprehension requires the organization and selection of facts and ideas.  High order thinking processes include application, the use of facts, rules, principles, analysis, the separation of a whole into component parts, evaluation, the development of opinions, judgments or decisions, and synthesis, the combination of ideas to create something new.

Knowledge - Identification and recall of information

            Who, what, when, where, how, describe, list

Comprehension - Organization and selection of facts and ideas

            Retell (in your own words)

            What is the main idea of _____

Application - Use of facts, rules, principles

            How is _____ an example of _____           

How is _____ related to _____                   

Analysis - Separation of a whole into component parts

            What are the parts of features of _____

            Classify _____ according to _____


            How does _____compare/contrast with _____

            What evidence can you present for _____

Evaluation - Development of opinions, judgments or decisions

            Do you agree or disagree and why

            What do you think about _____

What is the most important____ and why

Prioritize _____ according to _____

How would you decide about _____

What criteria would you use to assess _____

Synthesis - Combination of ideas to form a new whole

What would you predict/infer from _____

How would you create/design a new _____

What might happen if you combined _____ with _____

What solutions would you suggest for _____

What if _____

What could I substitute for _____

How could I adapt?

How could I modify?

How could I put to other uses?

What if I eliminated a part?

What if I reversed or rearranged?


                    Bloom’s Taxonomy of Cognitive Objectives, Process Verbs

Assessable verbs from Taxonomy of Learning and Benjamin Bloom

1. Knowledge: arrange, define, duplicate, label, list, memorize,
name, order, recognize, relate, recall, repeat, reproduce, and state.

2. Comprehension: classify, describe, discuss, explain, express,
identify, indicate, locate, recognize, report, restate, review,
select, and translate.

3. Application: apply, choose, demonstrate, dramatize, employ,
illustrate, interpret, operate, practice, schedule, sketch, solve,
use, write.

4. Analysis: analyze, appraise, calculate, categorize, compare,
contrast, criticize, differentiate, discriminate, distinguish,
examine, experiment, question, and test.

5. Synthesis: arrange, assemble, collect, compose, construct,
create, design, develop, formulate, manage, organize, plan, prepare,
propose, set up, and write.

6. Evaluation: appraise, argue, assess, attach, choose compare,
defend estimate, judge, predict, rate, core, select, support, value,










Know Understand Apply Analyze Evaluate Create
Identify Cite examples Demonstrate Appraise Judge


List Differentiate


Dramatize Categorize Appraise Assemble
Name Describe Illustrate Conclude Assess Compose
Recall Discuss Interpret Contrast Choose Construct
Recognize Explain Relate Debate Rate Design
Record Discriminate Use Diagram Select Develop
Relate Express   Differentiate Validate Formulate
Repeat Give in own words   Distinguish between Value Produce
Underline Interpret   Conclude Test Propose
Define Restate   Compare Critique Predict
  Review       Reconstruct


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